Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh I would like to spread warm wishes on Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Gurpurb.
Here is a brief account:
Devoted Son and Father
He was a devoted son to the 9th Guru (Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji) and took the Gur-Gaddi at the young age of 9 years old. Guru Ji unfortunately lost thier shaibzadey (sons) who were shaheed (martyred) for refusing to give into opressed.
The Sahibzadey and Mata Gujri KaurJi(Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Mother) were betrayed and were captured by the Emperor of Aurangeb, who forced them to convert to Islam. The Sahibzadey refused and were bricked in alive. Guru Ji was away in battle, upon hearing the news he sent Zafarnama (The declaration of victory) which can now be found in the Sri Dasam Granth. In this letter, Guru Ji reminds Aurangzeb how he and his henchmen had broken their oaths taken on the holy Koran. Zafarnama is included in Hikayats and it’s the first Hikayat. The Emperors peace of mind had been shaken, he wrote another letter to his sons in which he states “I do not know who I am, where I am, where I am to go and what will happen to a sinful person like me. Many like me have passed away wasting their lives. Allah was in my heart but my blind eyes failed to see him. I do not know how I will be received in Allah’s court. I do not have any hope for my future, I have committed many sins and do not know what punishments will be awarded to me in return”. Soon after which the emperor died.
Along with mastering various excercises (such as swimming, archer, riding, swordsmanship & etc).
Guru Ji also came across many battles and attacks where they proved thier strength.
Sikhs till this day practice the art of Gatka, Holla Mahalla is an event held at Hazoor Sahib once a year where the mock fights are held for large crowds.
At an open diwan at Kesgarh Sahib in Anandpur saw the birth of the Panth of Khalsa. There he formed the Panj Pyare (The beloved 5) who had volunteered to give thier head for thier religon. The Guru gave Amrit (baptised) the Panj Pyare, he put pure water into an iron vessel or Bowl (Batta of Sarbloh) and stirred it with a Khanda (two edged small sword). While stirring the water with Khanda, he recited Gurbani (Five Banis- Japji, Jaap Sahib, Anand Sahib, Swayas, and Chaupai). Sugar crystals called ‘Patasas’ which incidently the Guru’s wife, Mata Sahib Kaur, had brought at that moment, were mixed in the water.
Guru Ji gave Hukam to follow the following:
1. Kesh - unshorn hair. This represents the natural appearance of sainthood. This is the first token of Sikh faith.
2. Kanga- A comb to clean the hair.
3. Kachha - An underwear to indicate virtuous character.
4. Kara - A Iron bracelet on the wrist, a symbol of dedication to the Divine Bridegroom. (Sarbloh)
5. Kirpan - A sword symbolising dignity, power and unconquerable spirit
- Sikhs should not eat meat, drink alcohol or smoke tobacco.
- Sikhs are required to follow and recite the Baani.
- Although loads of Sikh are still fussy about castes, we are required to erase our connection to “caste”, hence being named Singh (Lion) or Kaur (Princess)
Guru Ji had a natural genius for poetic composition. Guru Ji has also studied various languages such as Persian and Sanskrit.
In thier lifetime Guru Ji wrote several compositions. During thier Gur-Gaddi they dictated the whole Adi Granth (compiled by Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji with teachings of other Gurus) to Bhai Mani Singh. He also inserted the teachings and shabads from his father (Guru Tegh Bahudur Ji). Guru Ji himself composed baani such as Jaap Sahib, Chaupai & Sawaiye.
Guru Ji composed a seperate Granth called the Dasam Granth.The Dasam Granth is not revered as a Guru, it set out the ideas, thoughts and guidelines for the future of the Nanak panth as enshrined in the Khalsa. Guru Ji writes of
The Contents of the Dasam Granth are:
-Akal Ustat (praises of God)
-Bachitar Natak ( autobiography of the Guru)
-Chandi Charitar I & II (the character of goddess Chandi)
-Chandi di Var (a ballad to describe goddess Durga)
-Gian Prabodh (the awakening of knowledge)
-Chaubis Avtar (24 incarnations of Vishnu)
-Brahm Avtar (incarnation of Brahma)
-Rudar Avtar (incarnation of Shiv)
-Shabad Hazare (ten shabads)
-Swayyae (33 stanzas)
-Khalsa Mehma (the praises of the Khalsa)
-Shastar Nam Mala ( a list of weapons)
-Triya Charitar (the character of women)
-Zafarnama (epostile of victory, a letter written to Emperor Aurangzeb)
Sab Sikhan Ko Human Hai Guru Maneyo Granth
Nearing nearer to thier heavenly abode, Guru Ji placed the Sri Guru Granth Sahib as the new Guru. The Baani has teachings from Gurus and Saints (some of the saints whom where hindu and muslim).
Wherefore for such a Guru who had departed bodily to Heaven, there ought to be no mourning. The teachings are contained in the Guru Granth Sahib.
We should all recite and become better Sikhs to cope with the dark times of Kalyug.
"The creation of the Khalsa was the greatest work of the Guru. He created a type of superman, a universal man of God, casteless and country less. The Guru regarded himself as the servant of the Khalsa. He said, "To serve them pleases me the most; no other service is so dear to my soul." The Khalsa was the spearhead of resistance against tyranny." (Miss Pearl, S. Buck)
Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh!
KHALSA AID http://www.khalsaaid.org/
www. sikhnet .com
www. sikhiwiki .org
Sikh Channel Sky 840
Sangat TV Sky 847
Sukh Sagar Radio Sky 0150
Amrit Baani 0176
For Apple Apps check out “Sikhs Podcast”, Gurbani Anywere, Sikhnet Radio ( live gurudwara coverage and kirtan )
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